Budapest is a stunning city with many cultural attractions and with rich Jewish history.
In 1941 there were about 184.000 Jews in the city. Jews lived there as shopkeepers, merchants and craftsmen. Unfortunately, many of them did not survive World War II. Nearly half of the Jews died during the Holocaust.
And the dark eras are always hard to forget.
Budapest is a beautiful and magnificent city and everybody knows the must-see places.
Everybody knows about the famous Buda Castle District, the Chain Bridge, thermal baths, the Heroes’ Square, the Gellért Hill and the large Parliament building. Not many people know about the Shoes on the Danube, a moving memorial created by Gyula Pauer and Can Togay.
The memorial contains 60 pairs of iron shoes dedicated to the Jews who were lined up, shot and thrown into the Danube. The fascist Arrow Cross militia forced many Jews to take take off their shoes and to face the river. The prisoners fell into the Danube after they were shot.
You can find here different styles and sizes of shoes, and also iron signs with the following text in 3 languages:
“To the memory of the victims shot into the Danube by Arrow Cross militiamen in 1944–45. Erected 16 April 2005”.